This is an example of visual rhythm and continuity. You can see the continuity in the sequence where the door opens and then the next shot is in a room. The visual rhythm can be seen from the various angles in the two shots of the walking sequence.
This image is an example of spacing with the foreground, midground, and background. You can see this as I’m in the foreground, my friend is in the midground and the hamper is in the background. With me in the foreground and the hamper in the background there is a longitudinal plane that is created.